By Paul Christian Nelis, eHow Contributor
Computers perform four basic functions: computation, storage, transmission and interaction (often called “presentation”). With a wide variety of general and special purpose systems available, the selection and deployment of these components is the purpose for computer systems organization and architecture, and the core responsibility of an information technology (IT) architect.
In computer science, just as in civil engineering, the art and science of architecture lies in balancing economic, functional and durability requirements associated with achieving a set of goals. In building an Enterprise Resource Planning system for instance, a computer architect will select specific computation, storage, networking, and presentation components and arrange them to meet the business requirements as economically as possible.
Variety drives up costs, standards drive down costs. Solving new problems with the same tools already in use allows for greater labor efficiency within the IT group. Establishing and…
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